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Historical relic sites of Yen The Uprising

Updated: 16:38, 10/03/2024
BAC GIANG- Yen The uprising was the biggest and longest farmers’ insurrection in late 19th century and early 20th century. The relic sites relating this uprising are located in a large area. Of which, 23 relic sites in northern province of Bac Giang province were ranked national relics which demonstrate the process to form the armed force and struggles of the insurgents.

1. Dinh Thep communal house: this was the place where a conference marking re-structuring of the troops took place in 1888 after the initial failures. It was also the place where Hoang Hoa Tham (or De Tham) stayed during the last years of his life.

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The performance themed "De Nam sacrifices the flag of the Yen The uprising".

2. Leo pagoda: this was a place for contacting and welcoming guests of the troops. During the 2nd reconciliation period (1897-1909), Leo pagoda was considered the frontline to observe attacks of French colony into Phon Xuong fort. It was repaired by De Tham and became the center for religious activities of the troops and local people.

3. The (swear) temple: was the place to organize swearing ceremony of the troops.

4. Ho Chuoi fort: was a big military base and strong defense place where many tough battles against French troops took place.

5. Thong pagoda: it was a place witnessing many historical events associated to the uprising and where the negation between the troops and French colonists was signed.

6. Phon Xuong fort (on Go and Cu hills): behind the fort was the camp and barricade of the troops. Hoang Hoa Tham (or De Tham) built an eight-trigram battlefield with many connected fortresses where there was a single road to the base. This was the headquarter of the troops.

7. Hom fort: there were 4 forts built in 4 rugged mountains in Cai Kinh mountain range covering Dong Khach zone. Hom fort was a safe base of the uprising. This was the place where 2 well-known battles took place in March 1892 and February 1909 especially the victory of Yen The troops on 25 March 1892.

8. Thien Thai cave: was one of the 7 great camps built by the talented Nguyen Van Cam (1875-1929).

9. Cau Khoai temple (or Co temple): this is the place worshipping 2 daughters of Dam Than Huy (an honourable mandarin of integrity in Le Thanh Tong dynasty who made great contributions to the local people at that time) named Dam Thi Dung Hoa and Dam Thi Que Hoa.

10. Dong (East) communal house: this was the place where Hoang Hoa Tham and over 400 soldiers performed the flag offering ritual to get into the battlefield.

11. Kem pagoda (or Sung Nham pagoda): was the place where De Tham and the troops settled down to build the fortification, walls and houses and train soldiers.

12. The memorial site of national hero Hoang Hoa Tham includes a communal house, pagoda, temple, ancient house and cemeteries of Hoang Hoa Tham’s relatives.

13. Cau Vong relic cluster (including a communal house, pagoda and temple): this was the place for the troops to perform flag offering rituals before getting into the battles.

14. Ha temple: was built in Later Le dynasty. This was the place where De Nam performed flag offering ritual to launch the uprising. The festival commemorating him is held on 15th and 16th Lunar January.

15. Duong Lam communal house: was the place where many important meetings of the troops were held.

16. Cao Thuong communal house: was built in the 17th century worshipping Cao Son-Quy Minh. De Tham set up the military base in Yen Ngua mountain (in the area of Cao Thuong communal house) and regularly organized meetings.

17. Noi communal house (or Tien communal house): is a well-known big communal house built in King Le Hien Tong dynasty. De Tham rotated the communal house to the Southeast and built more 2 buildings and altar curtain.

18. Chuong village communal house: this was the place where Hoang Hoa Tham organized many important meetings and big battles.

19. Pho pagoda (or Nam Thien pagoda): French colonists used this area for a market, Secnay’s warehouse (owner of Avenir du Tonki Newspaper), Doctor Zina’s houses and training ground. Pho pagoda used to be a revolutionary base of Vietnam Communist Party from 1943 to 1945.

20. Goc Khe temple: was the home to many commanders of Yen The troops.

21. Ca Trong temple (or Goc De temple): was the first temple worshipping Ca Trong, the first son of Hoang Hoa Tham who was also a talented commander.

22. Chan Ky pond: was the place where French colonists released ashes of Hoang Hoa Tham and his 2 trusted assassins.

23. French cemetery and Phu hill: was the burying place of French soldiers who lost their lives when fighting against Yen The troops. Phu hill was the gathering place of French troops where witnessed many events relating the reconciliation between French colonists and De Tham.

With the special values, Prime Minister decided to rank the historical relic sites of Yen The uprising as national special relics on 10 May 2012.

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